I’m worried about the term “formative assessment.” The term refers to an important idea – using assessment data DURING learning to make a change. But so many people use the term so differently, I fear that the important, core idea got lost.
In my district a decision was made quite a while ago to include the term formative assessment in on-line gradebooks. I understand why that decision was made, and well-meaning folks did it for good reasons. But one of the side effects was that the term “formative assessment” now means “an assignment that is worth fewer points” to students.
Dylan Wiliam is one of my favorite education researchers, and one of the people who “originated” the term formative assessment. A while back, someone asked a him “What’s the biggest mistake you made as a researcher?” on twitter, and his reaction was fascinating:
I like this idea: maybe including the word “assessment” in the term “formative assessment” wasn’t a great idea in the first place. Here’s my modest proposal: let’s replace the term formative assessment with two terms: responsive teaching, and student practice.
Responsive teaching could refer examples of teachers using assessment data (exit tickets, short quiz results, etc.) to make a change in their teaching. Student practice could refer to any time students use feedback to revise their work, try again, etc.
I don’t expect many folks to really stop using the “formative assessment,” but I think the terms Responsive Teaching and Student Feedback might be more descriptive and clear in most situations. Below is a slide I’ve used during discussions about all this – please feel free to steal!
UPDATE: An expanded version of this blog post appears as a chapter in
Assessing Undergraduate Learning in Psychology: Strategies for Measuring and Improving Student Performance, – Nolan, S. A., Hakala, C. M., & Landrum, R. E. (Eds.). (2021). Assessing undergraduate learning in psychology: Strategies for measuring and improving student performance. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000183-000) – see chapter 4 “Replacing the Term Formative Assessment: A Modest Proposal “